Despite repeated calls within the Gender and Development fields to engage with fathers, fatherhood has received relatively little attention in scholarship, policy and outreach work in India. Over the last twenty to thirty years, however, women’s participation in the labour market in India has vastly increased, shaping family practices and expectations around men’s roles in families. These changes have not necessarily lead to greater gender equality, and in some cases may further entrench gendered roles. International research indicates key policy changes could enhance men’s roles in care-giving and women’s involvement in paid employment. However, local social and cultural contexts shape the kinds of interventions that could be affective and greater understanding is needed of local conditions, and to ensure equal access across social groups. This panel will discuss what are the barriers and facilitators to men’s involvement in care work in India, how this differs for different men, and what structural or policy changes can best facilitate a less gendered division of care and domestic work for the benefit of men, women and children.
Violence takes many forms: from physical or sexual to more subtle forms of exploitation such as emotional and economic abuse, gender-based household maltreatment, and beyond to structural violence operating in communities and society. Almost without exception, these forms of violence are gendered. This panel will consider the relationships between masculinities and violence. A common view is that violence occurs as a result of social structures and arrangements that surround us from birth, shape our ideas of gender entitlement, and are often referred to as hegemonic patriarchy. The panel will begin by considering two questions of particular interest:
Questions addressed will include: To what degree might we work with different ideas and articulations of masculinity to reduce violence in society?
How can we best work with men to change social and gender norms, or might it be more productive to work with other genders to challenge them?
Gender, the social construction of roles, norms, position and power for men, women, boys, girls, and people across a spectrum of gender identities, has an impact on every aspect of our lives: from our health and wellbeing through our educational opportunities, to our potential in economic and political spheres. There is a large body of evidence highlighting the negative impact of gender inequalities on individuals, families, communities and whole societies; but how do we transform the social construction of gender and promote an equality of opportunity for all people of all gender identities? This panel will discuss the evidence for transforming gender norms: what impact do programmes have? How do we know that norms have changed? Are the changes sustainable? How much will it cost to transform gender norms, and, conversely, what does the cost of inaction look like for all of us?