Dr. Patwardhan is the Vice- Chairman of University Grants Commission (UGC). He is a biomedical scientist who is Fellow of National Academy Sciences (India) and National Academy of Medical Sciences (India). He was Director, Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, at Savitribai Phule Pune University. He has been member of important national committees of the University Grants Commission, All India Council for Technical Education, Council for Scientific & Industrial Research, Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science & Technology, Department of Biotechnology, and Indian Council of Medical Research. He has worked on several policy making bodies including Task Forces of National Knowledge Commission, Planning Commission and consultant to the World Health Organization Geneva. He is Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine published by Elsevier and is on Editorial Boards of many reputed Journals. He is recipient of many orations and awards including Sir Ram Nath Chopra Oration, Waldemar Haffkine Oration, Dr C. Dwarkanath Oration, Dr P.K. Devi Oration, KLE University Oration, and V K Joag Best Teacher Award.